On orders from President Elpidio Quirno and Ramon Magsaaysay, then Secretary of National Defense, the Corps was organized on November 7, 1950, as A Company of the Philippine Fleet’s 1st Marine Battalion and then headquartered in Naval Base Cavite, personnel from the U.S. Army and U.S.Marines helped train the very first Philippine Marines in combat and amphibious duties in Fort Bonifacio in Makati and Taguig and various other locations. Their hard work and training would pay off as the Marine Company conducted its first amphibious landing on April 19, 1951 in Umiray, Quezon, and took part in battle for the first time on June 4 of the same year in Nueva Ecija against communist rebels. These and other notable battles in various parts of the country led to the Navy’s decision to complete the 1st Marine Battalion with the raising of B Company in 1955 and the Headquarters and Service Company also in the same year, thus the marine battalion of one HQ company and two marine rifle companies.
Further marine companies and a weapons company would later be formed to argument the expansion of the force in the 1960s, and the abilities even expanded to VIP protection, and would also see the raising of its very own drum and bugle corps. The Marines would see themselves in action in securing the Spratly Islands in 1971 and in combating Muslim separatist forces and a strong New People’s Army in the following years as the force became the Philippine Marine Brigade with the formation of the 2nd and 3rd Marine Battalions, the Headquarters Service Group, the 1st Provisional Tactical Battalion which saw action in Mindanao against Islamic separatists, and the Marine Training Group, later the Philippine Marines Training Group.
To highlight these changes the force was, in 1976, renamed as the Philippine Marines.
As the 1980s arrived, the force expansion was accompanied by battles against both communists and armed Islamist rebels all over the country and in 1986 even took part in the successful People Power Revolution. The latter years would also see them in action as one coup d’erat after another was launched, all ending in failure.
In the 1990s would see further expansion as the force, as part of the Philippine Navy, became the Philippine Marine Corps of today in 1995 as the force turned 45 years. The early 2000s would see the Marine Corps once more facing not just communists and Islamic militants but also terrorist groups as well.
Today the Philippine Marine Corps has twelve regular Marine Battalions. Three battalions are assigned to each of the three maneuver brigades and a single battalion is rotated back to the Marine headquarters for refit and retraining for at least six months up to one year before redeployment to operational areas in Southern Philippines. Each of the twelve battalions is organized into three rifle companies and a headquarters and service company. The battalions are augmented with elements of other units, such as artillery, armored vehicles or watercraft, for specific tasks.
The battle color, maintained by Marine Barracks Rudiardo Brown in Fort Bonifacio, Taguig City, Metro Manila, is navy blue with two golden scrolls, one indicating the name of the corps at the top and the other, surrounding the anchor and the sun, indicating the Marine Corps motto and core values, all in red lettering. The battle color incorporates both the anchor and the sun with eight rays from the seal, but also includes the three stars of the national flag symbolizing the Philippines’s three major island groups above the anchor.
arangalan, Katungkulan, Kabayanihan (Honor, Duty, Valor) are not just the Marine Corps motto but also the main Core Values of the Philippine Marines of today, emphasizing the kind of values that service personnel of the PMC will always live on everyday.
Recently Moro Rebs slam Marines Build up in Mindanao. The Moro Islamic Liberation Front has assailed what it said was the “provocative” increasing presence of Marines in a village in Sultan Kudarat amid talks in Malaysia that Manila has signed that would the end the insurgency that has cliamed more than 150,00 lives.
A Marine commander did not dispute the claim, but said the soldiers were after illegal loggers and posed no threat to the MILF.
An unidentified member of the General Staff-Bangsamoro Islamic Armed Forces (BIAF) said in a statement that blame should fall on the Philippine government should fighting erupt between the Marines and the MILF fighters.
According to the statement, the government and MILF cease-fire committees and the International Monitoring Team (IMT) had been apprised of the massing of Marines in Barangay Napnapin in Palimbang where rebel troops were stationed. The MILF claimed that more than 100 Marines were in the area and were equipped with six military vehicles and armor trucks. They massed up on Oct. 2, the same day that the government and the MILF began talks in Malaysia.
The Marines are also 100 meters away from MILF troops, “a situation that could flare up into fierce encounter,” according to the BIAF official. “This uncoordinated massing of troops by the Philippine Marines is indeed unfortunate because it is done at a time when the peace negotiations between the government of the Philippines and the MILF are going on in Malaysia,” the BIAF official said. The official further claimed that the massing of Marine troops was a disrespect and a violation of the “cease-fire accord and the primacy of the peace process between the government and MILF.”
However, 1st Marine Brigade Commander Col. Alexander Balutan told reporters in Manila by phone that there was nothing wrong with the massing of Marine troops as this was part of the government’s anti-illegal logging campaign. “What’s the violation there? We are not taking action against them. I am not targeting the MILF, even their camp, as there is no declared camp there authorized by both the government and the MILF.” Balutan said that the Marines were only after “lawless elements” who were part of the illegal logging activities in the area. In fact, he said, the military were prepared to serve warrants of arrest on suspected illegal loggers.
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